Phases of Emergency Management
Emergency management is the creation of plans through which communities reduce
vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters. Emergency management does not avert or
eliminate the threats, instead it focuses on creating plans to decrease the impact of disasters.
Failure to create a plan could lead to damage to assets, human mortality, and lost revenue.
Events covered by emergency management include acts of terrorism, fire, natural disasters
(such as earthquakes, hurricanes, etc.), public disorder, industrial accidents, and
Preparedness focuses on preparing equipment and procedures for use when a disaster occurs. This equipment
and these procedures can be used to reduce vulnerability to disaster, to mitigate the impacts of a disaster or to
respond more efficiently in an emergency.
The response phase of an emergency may commence with Search and Rescue but in all cases the focus will
quickly turn to fulfilling the basic humanitarian needs of the affected population. Effective coordination of
disaster assistance is often crucial, particularly when many organizations respond and local emergency
management agency (LEMA) capacity has been exceeded by the demand or diminished by the disaster itself.
The recovery phase starts after the immediate threat to human life has subsided. The immediate goal of the
recovery phase is to bring the affected area back to normalcy as quickly as possible.
Mitigation focuses on preventing the human hazard, primarily from potential natural disasters or terrorist
attacks. Preventive measures are taken to provide permanent protection from disasters. Not all disasters,
particularly natural disasters, can be prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated with
good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards.
To provide a comprehensive Emergency Management program which coordinates people and resources to
protect the lives, property and the environment within Craighead County by using an all hazards approach
of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery for disasters and emergencies.